Tongzhou New Product—HIV 1.2.O and p24 Combo Rapid Test

Origin: Site      Author: Wren    

A rapid test for the diagnosis of Human Immunodeficiency Virus (HIV) type 1 antibody, type 2 antibody, Subtype O antibody and type 1 p24 antigen qualitatively in human whole blood, serum or plasma specimen.

For professional in vitro diagnostic use only.

☞HIV 1.2.O

HIV (Human Immunodeficiency Virus) is the etiologic agent of Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndrome (AIDS). The virion is surrounded by a lipid envelope that is derived from the host cell membrane. Several viral glycoproteins are on the envelope. Each virus contains two copies of positive-sense genomic RNAs. HIV-1 has been isolated from patients with AIDS and AIDS-related complex, and from healthy people with high potential risk for developing AIDS. HIV-1 consists of Subtype M and Subtype O. Highly divergent strains of HIV-1 were first recognized in 1990 and grouped provisionally as Subtype O as this variation has similar glycoprotein markers to HIV-1 but a slight variation to the protein marker. Although rarely compared to HIV-1 and HIV-2, infections caused by Subtype O have so far been identified in Africa (Cameroon), France and Germany. HIV-2 has been isolated from West African AIDS patients and from seropositive asymptomatic individuals. HIV-1, HIV-2, and Subtype O all elicit immune responses. Detection of HIV antibodies in serum, plasma or whole blood is the most efficient and common way to determine whether an individual has been exposed to HIV and to screen blood and blood products for HIV. Despite the differences in their biological characters, serological activities and genome sequences, HIV-1, HIV-2, and Subtype O show strong antigenic cross-reactivity. Most HIV-2 positive sera can be identified by using HIV-1 based serological tests.

The HIV 1.2.O Rapid Test Cassette (Whole Blood/Serum/Plasma) is a rapid test to qualitatively detect the presence of antibodies to HIV type 1, type 2, and/or Subtype O in whole blood, serum or plasma specimen.

☞HIV p24

The HIV p24 antigen is a small piece of protein that is found on the capsule of the HIV virus. When a person is infected with HIV, these bits of protein can be found floating in the blood. The HIV p24 antigen rapid test is the test that detects these bits of protein. This test was first developed as a HIV screening test but rapidly ran out of favor due to the development of more advanced NAT tests. The window period for p24 antigen testing is also very small. This test alone is only accurate for between 3 and 6 weeks post exposure. So it is a test with very limited applications unless combined with HIV antibody test. The presence of p24 antigen in the blood indicated a recent HIV infection.The HIV p24 Antigen Rapid Test (Whole Blood/Serum/Plasma) is a rapid test to qualitatively detect the presence of p24 antigen to HIV type 1 in whole blood, serum or plasma specimen. The test utilizes latex conjugate HIV p24 antibody to selectively detect p24 antigen to the HIV type 1 in whole blood, serum or plasma.


Post time: 2023-09-14 16:58:57
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